Permian period lasted 290-248 million years ago and is the last period of the Paleozoic Era. The transition between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic era occurred at the end of the Permian era in recognition of the largest mass extinction recorded in the history of life on Earth. This affects many groups of organisms in different environments and are very influential to the people who caused the extinction of marine invertebrates, most of the sea of time.
Some groups that survived the Permian extinction is very small, but they never again achieve ecological dominance they once had, paving the way for other groups of marine life. On land, a relatively smaller extinction of diapsids and synapsids cleared the way for other forms to dominate, and cause what is called "The Age of Dinosaurs". In addition, a large forest ferns like to shift to gymnosperms, plants with their offspring enclosed within seeds.
Modern conifers, which is the most familiar gymnosperms today, first appeared in the fossil record of the Permian period. Overall, the Permian is the last time for some organisms and is an important point for other organisms, and life on earth was never the same again.
A backed Dimetrodon like the screen is running in the middle of the Permian landscape in the above illustration of this. Predator is primitive, despite looking like a dinosaur, in fact regarded as the pioneer of mammals. The scientists suggest that a large fin on their backs are used to regulate body temperature.
2. Seabed Permia
Super continent Pangaea Permia created in the period, where the shallow sea around mainland is home to a large offering of diverse life. Pictured above is a diorama at the University of Michigan Museum of Natural History shows some of the flora and fauna that grow in the marine Permian, including trilobites, gastropods, clams, nautiluses, and coral.
Nautilus, like the above picture is a swim in one of the waters in Palau, Micronesia, nautiluses first appeared during the Permian period and a handful of organisms that can survive after extensive extinction that wiped nearly 95 percent of life on Earth about 250 million years ago.
4. With fossils paleontologists
Picture above shows Lystrosaurus were foraging near the river. A flat face with a beak and two fang-like teeth, Lystrosaurs are synapsids, animals that appeared in the Permian era and became the ancestors of mammals.
6. Skull Dinogorgon
A quarter of a billion years ago, long before dinosaurs or mammals evolved, predators Dinogorgon measuring 10 feet (0.3 meters) of the skull is shown in the image above is hunting in wet terrain on what is now South Africa. In less than a million years Dinogorgon vanished in the largest mass extinction ever, along with about nine of every ten species of plants and animals on this planet.
7. Leaf beetles Dogbane
Leaf beetles Dogbane This colorful flower is found on black-eyed susan in Frederick, Maryland, his ancestors came from the Permian era some 260 million years ago. Beetles survived the mass extinction at the Permian and Triassic era as well as two subsequent global extinction, and now, with approximately 350,000 species are identified, they are members of the animal kingdom's most successful.
8. Ginkgo leaf
Ginkgo biloba is the remaining species of the order Ginkgoales, which emerged in the early Permian, about 280 million years ago. Also called maidenhair tree, Ginkgo biloba tree can reach 100 feet (30 meters) in height and live over a thousand years. The leaves of these living fossils are widely used for herbal medicines.
9. Gorges Butterloch
Scientists studying the scale of the extinction period Permia on loose rocks in the canyon Butterloch Italian Dolomites. Exposed fossil beds here offer relatively easy access in distinguishing the transition point from the Triassic era Permia to. Rock layers in these rocks contain large amounts of fossil wood-eating fungi, indicating that a large number of dead trees during this period.
10. Guadalupe Mountains
Guadalupe Mountains in Texas is home to one of the largest fossil reef in the world, limestone mountains with a length of 644 kilometers and a horseshoe-shaped is formed around 250 million years ago during the Permian period. At that time, the area which is now Texas and New Mexico is covered by a large tropical oceans. At the moment it began to evaporate sea, reef sediments to settle and preserve thousands of marine fossils is perfect.
11. Trilobite Fossils
Trilobites, like a perfect specimen in the image above is preserved in the Black Hills Institute of Geological Research South Dakota, are among the most successful organisms that ever existed on earth. These marine arthropods first appeared about 545 million years ago in the early Cambrian period and flourished all over the world's oceans until they disappeared in the Permian extinction around 250 million years ago.
12. Basin Permia
Permian Basin located in most parts of west Texas and eastern New Mexico and Permian sediments contain approximately as thick as 12,000 feet (3,700 meters). Formerly this area is the seafloor at the Permian era, this area is now a Texas oil production center